This course explores alterations in human needs resulting from maladaptive processes that disrupt the clients' line of defense and resistance, and on the use of pharmacological agents used to minimize or ameliorate the disruptions. Emphasis is placed on the development of the students' ability to associate pathopharmacological changes to selected clinical manifestations. Students integrate previously acquired knowledge of natural and nursing sciences, as well as application of the nursing process. Biopsychosocial, ethical, spiritual, and cultural concepts are explored. This course includes three credit hours of theory and clinical projects (45 clock-hours), and meets the requirements for a written communication course (see Communication Requirements in the Academic Section of the Academic Bulletin).
All prerequisites must be completed with a minimum grade of C (2.00).