|Department||Health and Biomedical Sciences|
|Postrequisites||MSNA 524, MSNA 531|
This course examines advanced human pathophysiology of the cell and muscle, cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological, renal, hepatic, immune, hematological, musculoskeletal, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems. Mechanisms of disease-state manifestations at the cellular, organ, and system levels are explored. Anesthetic implications are highlighted.